Each year, more than a million people are affected by acid reflux disease (also called gastroesophageal reflux disease), making it a common gastrointestinal disease that is treatable by the top gastroenterologist in Nashik. Reflux disease is perhaps the most popular reason why people visit stomach specialists. It usually occurs when a burning pain or heartburn is experienced in the lower area of your chest cavity.
What are its causes?
Acid reflux disease occurs when stomach acid re-enters your oesophagus from the stomach. The backflow can irritate the lining of your oesophagus and cause pain, discomfort, and heartburn. Acid reflux can affect individuals of any age, but some are at higher risk of having it, including:
- Those who are obese
- Pregnant women
- Individuals who are taking medicines, which may cause acid reflux
According to Dr. Sandeep Sabnis, who is regarded as the best gastrointestinal specialist in Nashik, GERD’s most common cause, aside from lifestyle and food choices, is hiatal hernia. It arises when the lower oesophageal sphincter and upper stomach alter their positions above the diaphragm.
What are its symptoms?
The most commonly experienced symptom of GERD is heartburn. You may have a burning sensation, causing pain in the centre of your chest. Dr. Sabnis explains that this symptom becomes worse after having a meal or lying flat, interfering with the overall sleep quality.
Other symptoms of GERD include:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Bad breath
- Dry cough
- Chest pain
- A hoarse voice upon waking
- Stomach discomfort
- Frequent belching
- Sore throat
- A choked throat or a sensation that food is stuck in it
- A bitter taste in the mouth
Are there specific factors or foods that increase your GERD symptoms?
Making changes to your eating habits can play an essential role in your overall experience of GERD symptoms, says the stomach specialist in Nashik. The common foods, which may cause acid reflux for an individual include:
- Fried and spicy foods
- Foods with high-fat content
- Citrus fruits and drinks (such as lemons, grapefruits, oranges, and their juices)
- All varieties of tomato sauce
- Carbonated drinks
Along with these foods, there are some lifestyle triggers you should be aware of to lessen the symptoms of GERD.
- Snacking at bedtime
- Eating large meals
- Lying down after eating
What treatment options are available?
Several treatments are available for acid reflux disease. The medications come in both over-the-counter and prescription options. Dr. Sabnis treats GERD using the following options:
- Antacids: These are a class of drugs that provide relief in heartburn, upset stomach, and indigestion.
- Protein Pump Inhibitors: These act as acid-blocking medicine to heal the damaged oesophageal tissue.
- H-2 Receptor Blockers: They work to decrease acid production in your body.
- Baclofen: It is a prescription medicine that helps reduce the relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter, preventing excess acid from making its way back up the oesophagus.
- Surgical Repair: If the cause for reflux in a large hiatal hernia or wide-open sphincter complex, a fundoplication can practically cure the problem as said by the best gastro surgeon in Nashik with complete resolution of symptoms and avoidance of any further medication
Almost everyone experiences a bout of stomach discomfort, heartburn, or GERD at some point in their life. Experiencing it on rare occasions is relatively normal. Still, having it often, more than twice or thrice a week over several weeks, may suggest a chronic issue that needs to be taken care of by your top gastroenterologist in Nashik.Tags: best gastro surgeon in Nashik, stomach specialist in Nashik, top gastroenterologist in Nashik.